For many kids, the most important years of schooling come before they can even read. The young mind is wonderfully malleable, able to develop new habits with relative ease. And, Preschool provides a foundation for learning both socially and academically that will help your child succeed in elementary school.
- An opportunity to learn
For many children, preschool is their first experience in a structured setting with teachers and groups of children. It’s an opportunity to learn to share, follow instructions, and begin the foundation for learning that will occur in elementary school.
2. Brain development
Brain development is highest during the first four years of life. Children are able to learn at a rapid rate and want and need to learn new information. At this age their child’s brain is like a sponge. Their brain absorbs information and stores it. Your child can benefit immensely when interacting in a good preschool which imparts appropriate information and tools.
- Children learn to take care of themselves and others
Children’s sense of competence and self-worth grow as they learn to take care of themselves and help others. Children learn how to perform their day to activities without depending on the elders. Teachers appeal to a young child’s desire to engage in “real work” by offering him chances to help out in the classroom. Teachers also encourage a child help to the other fellow preschoolers.
- Preschool promotes social and emotional development
High-quality preschool programs nurture warm relationships among children, teachers and parents. And teachers build a close personal connection with each child in their care. It develops social and emotional maturity and the ability to relate well to peers and adults, solve conflicts, play co-operatively and be assertive.
Parents get daily reports on their child’s activities and regular meetings are scheduled for more in-depth conferences with staff. Young children learn social skills and emotional self-control. Teachers help the children to learn to manage frustrations or anger. Without embarrassing a child, they encourage the child to notice the impact of her aggressive or hurtful behavior on another child.
- Inculcates decision making and discipline
Children have several choices of activities; a child who is wandering aimlessly is encouraged to choose one that interests him. Teachers are alert to a child who can’t figure out how to enter other children’s play and may offer him suggestions on ways to join the group. When a child is made to decide from things they like, they like to sit with patience and work with that. This in a way inculcates discipline in the child which is not forced.
- Gains independence & self esteem
Preschool environment guides children to gain independence, self-esteem and self-confidence, empowering their learning. It also helps children have a greater understanding of the world around them. It encourages children to be independent learners and to take an active role in their learning;
- Development of motor skills
Physical coordination improves, allowing the child to explore her environment — and to challenge herself-in new ways. High-quality preschool programs provide several opportunities daily for children to run, climb, and play active games. Activities are offered to help children develop fine motor skills, such as threading beads or cutting with scissors. And children undergo a variety of activities to build their hand-eye coordination and balance.
- Development of language and cognitive skills
Pre-school education supports children’s intellectual and language development and communication skills it also offers children consistent, experienced, qualified educators to support their learning and development. Preschool-age children’s language skills are nurtured in a “language-rich” environment. Teachers help children stretch their language skills by asking thought-provoking questions and introducing new vocabulary during science, art, snack time, and other activities. Children have many opportunities to sing, talk about favorite read-aloud books, and act out stories.
A young child’s cognitive skills are strengthened by engaging in a wide range of hands-on activities that challenge her to observe closely, ask questions, test her ideas or solve a problem. However, teachers understand that preschool children are not logical in the adult sense of the word; their explanations of what makes a plant grow or why people get old, may not involve cause and effect.
- Nurturing the curious mind
To nurture their curiosity and motivation to learn, teachers use children’s interests and ideas to create activities. Preschool-age children have active imaginations and learn through make-believe play. Teachers know that the line between reality and fantasy is often not clear to a young child. The imaginary play area in a high-quality preschool is well-stocked with costumes, “props,” and child-size household items such as stoves, sinks and cupboards. It’s often in this activity area that preschool-age children progress steadily from solitary play, to one-on-one play, to complicated group play.
- Preparation for kindergarten
As kindergarten becomes more academic, many parents look to preschool to launch their child on the path to success in school. At the same time, parents may worry that the current trend to focus on pre-math and pre-literacy skills in preschool cuts into important play time and pushes a child to grow up too fast.
Fortunately, in selecting a preschool, parents aren’t forced to choose between protecting a child’s play time and making sure she’s ready for kindergarten. A high-quality early childhood education program will offer children both. And they organize space, time and activities to be in sync with children’s social, emotional, cognitive, and physical abilities.